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Wednesday, July 11, 2012

The Senate-Passed 2012 Farm Bill (S. 3240): A Comparison with Current Law

Ralph M. Chite, Coordinator
Section Research Manager

Congress periodically establishes agricultural and food policy in an omnibus farm bill. The 112th
Congress faces reauthorization of the current five-year farm bill (the Food, Conservation, and
Energy Act of 2008, P.L. 110-246) because many of its provisions expire in 2012. The 2008 farm
bill contained 15 titles covering farm commodity support, horticulture, livestock, conservation,
nutrition assistance, international trade and food aid, agricultural research, farm credit, rural
development, bioenergy, and forestry, among others.

The Senate approved its version of the 2012 omnibus farm bill (S. 3240, the Agriculture Reform,
Food, and Jobs Act of 2012) by a vote of 64-35. Within its 12 titles, the five-year Senate bill
would reshape the structure of farm commodity support, expand crop insurance coverage,
consolidate conservation programs, revise the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
(formerly food stamps), and extend authority to appropriate funds for many U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA) discretionary programs through FY2017. House Agriculture Committee
consideration of its version of a 2012 farm bill is scheduled for July 11, 2012.

Date of Report: June 29, 2012
Number of Pages: 83
Order Number: R42552
Price: $29.95

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