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Wednesday, March 30, 2011

Agricultural Conservation: A Guide to Programs

Megan Stubbs
Analyst in Agricultural Conservation and Natural Resources Policy

The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and the Farm Service Agency (FSA) in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) currently administer over 20 programs and subprograms that are directly or indirectly available to assist producers and landowners who wish to practice conservation on agricultural lands. The number, scope, and overall funding of these programs has grown in recent years. This growth can cause some confusion over which problems and conditions each program addresses, and specific program characteristics and performance. The programs are as follows: 

  • Agricultural Management Assistance (AMA) Program 
  • Chesapeake Bay Watershed Program 
  • Cooperative Conservation Partnership Initiative (CCPI) 
  • Conservation Operations (CO); Conservation Technical Assistance (CTA) 
  • Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) 
  • CRP—Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) 
  • CRP—Farmable Wetlands Program 
  • Conservation Security Program 
  • Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) 
  • Emergency Conservation Program (ECP) 
  • Emergency Watershed Program (EWP) 
  • Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) 
  • EQIP—Agricultural Water Enhancement Program (AWEP) 
  • EQIP—Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) 
  • Farmland Protection Program (FPP) 
  • Grassland Reserve Program (GRP) 
  • Healthy Forest Reserve Program (HFRP) 
  • Resource Conservation and Development (RC&D) Program
  • Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program 
  • Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations 
  • Watershed Rehabilitation Program 
  • Wetland Reserve Program (WRP) 
  • Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP) 

This tabular presentation provides basic information introducing each of the programs. In each case, a brief program description is followed by information on major amendments in the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-246); national scope and availability; states with the greatest participation; the backlog of applications or other measures of continuing interest; program funding authority; FY2010 spending; FY2011 estimated spending; the FY2012 Administration budget request; statutory authority; the authorization expiration date; and a link to the program’s website.

Date of Report: March 16, 2011
Number of Pages: 30
Order Number: R40763
Price: $29.95

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